Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams of energy, such as x-rays or protons, to kill cancer cells. Some people with cancer will only get one treatment. However, most people undergo a combination of treatments, such as surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
When you need treatment for cancer, you have a lot to learn and think about. It's normal to feel overwhelmed and confused. However, talking to your doctor and knowing the types of treatment you may receive may help you feel more in control. Our list of questions to ask your doctor about treatment can help.
Chemotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Learn how chemotherapy works for cancer, why it causes side effects, and how it is used with other cancer treatments. Hormone therapy is a treatment that slows or stops the growth of breast and prostate cancers that use hormones to grow. Learn about the types of hormone therapy and the side effects that may occur.
Hyperthermia is a type of treatment in which body tissue is heated to 113°F to help damage and kill cancer cells with little or no damage to normal tissue. Learn about the types of cancers and precancers hyperthermia is used for, how it is given, and the benefits and drawbacks of using hyperthermia. Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps the immune system fight cancer. This page covers the types of immunotherapy, how it is used against cancer and what you can expect during treatment.
Photodynamic therapy uses a light-activated drug to destroy cancer and other abnormal cells. Learn how photodynamic therapy works, the types of cancers and precancers it is used for, and the benefits and drawbacks of this treatment. Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Learn about the types of radiation, why side effects occur, what side effects you might have, and more.
Stem cell transplants are procedures that restore stem cells that become blood cells in people who have been destroyed by high-dose chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Learn about the types of transplants, the side effects that may occur, and how stem cell transplants are used in the treatment of cancer. Rush's cancer experts discuss cancer treatments, including surgery and immunotherapy. Surgery is an option for most cancers, in addition to cancers of the blood, with cancer surgeons trying to remove all or most.
It is a particularly effective treatment for early-stage cancers that have not spread to other parts of the body. And surgery may play a role in treating cancer even when the tumor has spread beyond its original site. There are many procedures and medications available to treat cancer, and many more are being studied. Some are local treatments, such as surgery and radiation therapy, used to treat a tumor or a specific area of the body.
Drug treatments (such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy) are often called systemic treatments because they can affect the entire body. Learn about the most common types of cancer treatment here. If you have cancer, your doctor will recommend one or more ways to treat the disease. The most common treatments are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
Other options include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, laser, hormone therapy, and others. Below is an overview of the different treatments for cancer and how they work. Chemotherapy is one of the most commonly used treatments for advanced cancer. It may also be used to relieve symptoms.
A combination of chemotherapy drugs may be used, or chemotherapy may be combined with other treatments as part of a larger treatment plan. Treatments for cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, as well as newer techniques, such as interventional radiology and immunotherapy. Find basic information about cancer treatment and learn more about what to expect as a Memorial Sloan Kettering patient or caregiver. Chemotherapy can cure or control cancer or help relieve its symptoms.
Learn more about our approach to caring for patients with drug-based therapies. Interventional radiology involves minimally invasive techniques using needles and catheters, and offers an alternative to surgery for some patients. This is the removal of the tumor and a small cancer-free margin of healthy tissue around the tumor. For invasive cancer, radiation therapy to breast tissue remaining after surgery is often recommended, especially for younger patients, patients with hormone-receptor-negative tumors, and patients with larger tumors.
For DCIS, radiation therapy is usually given after surgery. A lumpectomy is also called breast-conserving surgery, partial mastectomy, quadrantectomy, or segmental mastectomy. Supportive care treatments vary widely and often include medications, nutritional changes, relaxation techniques, emotional and spiritual support, and other therapies. Oncologists use targeted therapies, also known as precision medicine, to tailor medications to each individual patient and each cancer.
Immunotherapies can be given with chemotherapy for triple negative breast cancer (see Immunotherapy, below). Therapies that target the HER2 receptor may be given with chemotherapy for HER2 positive breast cancer (see Targeted Therapy, below). Some patients have new treatments, such as immunotherapy and targeted therapies, and the means to administer other treatments, such as chemotherapy, radiation and surgery, have also improved. Systemic therapies, such as chemotherapy and immunotherapy, work throughout the body and can be given intravenously (IV), orally with a pill, or occasionally by injection.
Supportive care, also known as palliative care, includes a range of therapies designed to improve the quality of life of patients before, during and after conventional cancer treatment. The goal of systemic therapies is to treat disease that is visible on scans or physical examination, as well as any possible microscopic or invisible disease that a scan or scan cannot detect but may grow over time. Targeted therapies, including immunotherapy, target cancer-specific characteristics that are driving its growth characteristics, such as proteins, receptors, hormones, or genetic mutations. Or maybe, like CTCA, they also provide supportive care therapies to help improve your quality of life during treatment.
Types of therapies used in complementary and alternative medicine (ACM) in the treatment of cancer, such as mind and body methods, such as meditation and yoga, or bio-based, such as herbs and vitamins. Research has shown that some integrative or complementary therapies may be useful in managing symptoms and side effects. Targeted therapies for advanced cancer treatment include monoclonal antibodies, hormone therapy, and small molecule drugs. Today, thanks to combined immunotherapies, most patients with metastatic melanoma are alive and well at least a year later and many live many years beyond that.