What therapy is best for schizophrenia?

This treatment helps you change the way you think and react to things. It also teaches you to deal with negative feelings by thinking about them in a different way to make you feel good. Treatment for schizophrenia will focus on controlling symptoms You may need to continue taking medication for a long time, possibly even for life. Psychotherapy, a type of psychotherapy, is also likely to be an important part of the plan to help you understand and manage your symptoms.

The right treatments, along with the practical and emotional support of your loved ones, will go a long way in navigating your life. Antipsychotics are usually recommended as initial treatment for symptoms of an acute schizophrenic episode. They work by blocking the effect of the chemical substance dopamine in the brain. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for some people with affective disorders.

With more serious conditions, including those with psychosis, additional cognitive therapy is added to basic CBT (cBTP). cBTP helps people develop coping strategies for persistent symptoms that don't respond to medications. For psychological treatment to work well, you need a good working relationship with your doctor or other therapist. With all kinds of counseling or psychotherapy, the most important thing is the quality of the relationship you develop with your therapist.

Working with an art therapist in a small group or individually can allow you to express your experiences with schizophrenia. During cognitive behavioral therapy sessions, a person works with a therapist to learn how their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors influence each other. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that physicians consider art therapies for everyone diagnosed with schizophrenia and similar problems, such as schizoaffective disorder and psychosis. During sessions, a therapist or psychiatrist can teach the person how to manage their thoughts and behaviors.

The therapist teaches the person how to assess the reality of his thoughts and perceptions, ignore any voice and control symptoms. It's also a good idea to talk to your care team about any over-the-counter medications or complementary therapies you want to try, in case they interfere with your medication. Gumley et al28 showed the significant effect of CBT in identifying prodromal signs of relapse of schizophrenia during a 12-month follow-up, while Durham et al29 found a modest effect on relapse prevention and reduction of positive symptoms with newly trained and minimally trained therapists. supervised for psychosis.

Talk therapies for schizophrenia should focus on helping you cope with symptoms, rather than trying to convince you that your beliefs or experiences are wrong. Art, music, dance, or theater therapies can help you express how you feel, especially if you find it difficult to talk about things or feel distant from your feelings. To change unwanted feelings or problem behaviors, the therapist teaches strategies to modify negative thoughts and respond to them differently.

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