Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) refers to an interactive psychotherapy technique used to relieve psychological stress. According to the theory behind the approach, traumatic and painful memories can cause post-traumatic stress when you don't process them completely. Narrative exposure therapy is a treatment for traumatic disorders, particularly in people suffering from complex and multiple trauma. It has been used most frequently in community settings and with people who have suffered trauma as a result of political, cultural or social forces (such as refugees).
Often, small groups of people receive 4 to 10 NET sessions together, although it can also be provided individually. It is understood that the story that a person tells himself about his life influences the way the person perceives his experiences and well-being. Framing one's own life story solely around traumatic experiences leads to a sense of persistent trauma and anguish. Avoidance is a prominent symptom of post-traumatic stress.
PE therapy aims to help you overcome the avoidance that developed after your trauma. At the beginning of treatment, your therapist will teach you breathing techniques to relieve anxiety when you think about what happened. Later, you'll make a list of the things you've been avoiding and learn how to deal with them, one by one. In another session, you'll tell your therapist about the traumatic experience, then you'll go home and listen to a recording of yourself.
It is also important to remember that a large part of therapy is the relationship with the therapist. When looking for a therapist, it is vital to keep in mind that, regardless of the type of psychotherapy you do, your therapist should empower and welcome you as a partner in your therapy, not attempt to impose control on you. Your therapist will likely ask you to keep a record of any incidents you have before the next session. When treatment ends, the patient is presented with a documented autobiography created by the therapist.
There are many evidence-based practices (EBP) for trauma and PTSD, which are interventions that have proven to be robust in working with target populations, although not all recommended therapies are EBP. At first, you'll talk about the traumatic event with your therapist and how your thoughts related to it have affected your life. This is all normal and your therapist won't be surprised if you're excited during your sessions. That therapist also believed that many traumas are hidden, blocked by the conscious mind, and they need to be “discovered” and then revived through imagination, so that the client can “get in touch” with all the pain and raw emotions of that original time to “let go”.
I was surprised that Colin still wanted something to do with any therapy, after what had happened with the therapist he had seen before me. Before coming to see me, Colin had gone to a therapist whose approach to treatment was based on the maxim that to help heal the trauma you have to relive it and reexperience all the original feelings as they occurred. Be aware of the type of trauma you experienced and your reaction to stimulation may cause the therapist to adjust minor parts of the process. Most hypnotherapists believe that the emotions and thoughts that an individual comes into contact with while under hypnosis are crucial for healing.
Treatment involves the person in therapy focusing mentally on the traumatic experience or negative thinking while visually tracking a moving light or the therapist's moving finger. There are good therapists and it can work, but it's an expensive and time-consuming process, and that I can't afford right now. As such, trauma therapies focus on calming the nervous system, integrating traumatic memories, and supporting healing of the mind and body. For example, a therapist can show you how to learn and practice mindfulness, meditation, and deep breathing, all of which have been shown to be effective in EMDR therapy.